What is an electroencephalogram or EEG? EEG records the electrical activity of the human brain through the scalp. This diagnostic method is used to assess seizures, headaches, dizziness, disorders of consciousness, head trauma and any conditions that cause brain dysfunction. The most important use of EEG is to diagnose and follow up seizure and epilepsy in children.

How is an EEG performed in Iran? Electrodes, small metal plates attached to thin wires, are placed on the scalp to detect and display the electrical activity of the brain cells as curves on the screen or on paper strips.

After performing EEG, the pediatric neurologist in Tehran interprets these curves.

What are the requirements for a pediatric EEG?

Children who cannot control their movements should undergo EEG during sleep. Therefore, in Iran, sleep medication is sometimes prescribed by a pediatric neurologist.

Dr. Mohammad Kazem Bakhshandeh, pediatric neurology subspecialist in Tehran


What is electromyography used for?

If a child has any symptoms of limb weakness, inability to walk, inability to climb stairs or ladders, limp, pain in different parts of the body, fatigue, tingling, paresthesia and numbness, it should be done.

How is EMG performed in Tehran? EMG in Iran consists of two separate tests, nerve conduction study and another for muscle function study. The Nerve Conduction Study helps understand the function of the nerves in the body. To perform the Nerve Conduction Study, the device applies electrical stimulation to a child’s nerves and records the neural response in the form of a nerve wave.

Muscle function study is performed to assess health of a muscle or nerves of that muscle. To do this test, a tiny needle is inserted into the muscle to record the electrical activity of the muscle. The type of wave generated on the monitor screen and the sound of the waveform are used to make the diagnosis.

What diseases does EMG diagnose? Nervous system disorders or neuropathies, such as Guillain-Barré syndrome, as well as disorders of the junction of nerve fibers with muscles such as myasthenia gravis disease are diagnosed by EMG. A wide range of inherited and acquired diseases of the muscles such as muscle dystrophies, inflammatory musculoskeletal disorders and a variety of metabolic musculoskeletal disorders can also be diagnosed by EMG.

Where do you need to go if your sweet baby needs EMG?

Pediatric neurologist Dr. Mohammad Kazem Bakhshandeh in Tehran and the only neuromuscular disease fellowship in Iran (from Japan) performs EMG and muscle biopsy.

Pediatric neurology subspecialist, Dr. Mohammad Kazem Bakhshandeh in Tehran